Microphones – Home Recordings

Microphones for home recording come in many shapes and sizes. Which ones will you need, and for what will you need them? Read on for a basic crash course in microphoneology.

Home Recording Mics
Microphones

Dynamic mics

There’s a good chance the dynamic mic represents 90% of the microphones you’ve seen. That’s because the dynamic mic is most often used for vocals onstage.

Dynamic mics can take a beating (such as a drunk karaoke fan dropping one on the floor). Dynamics also resist feedback even under high gain (distortion).

The dynamic mic works best with low-mid frequency instruments such as drums and electric guitar cabinets.

Probably most importantly to many Mondo DIY artists, the dynamic mic can be purchased for as little as 100 USD and be darned good. If you want a top-of-the-line dynamic mic, you’re not looking at more than 500 dollars or so.

Home Recording Gear
MXI Mic

Condenser mics

Condensers work best for high-freq instruments like acoustic guitars, cymbals, and piano.

They pick up quieter sounds and can achieve higher gain, but suffer from fragility, both audible and physical.

Not only can dropping one damage it, but using one to record loud instruments like drums can, too. Even changes in humidity can hurt a condenser.

Mics for specific uses

Large diaphragm condenser (above)

Studio vocals

Small diaphragm condenser (pencil mic)

Great for singer-songwriters. Use one to capture the bright acoustic guitar, the other to get the vocals.

recommended microphone for home recording

Bass mic

Bass guitar, cello, bass/kick drum.

More recommended microphones for home recording

 

Versatile Jack-of-all-trades dynamic

Some dynamic mics seem better than any other mic for a great many purposes. Most studios keep one or some of these tried and true legends around to capture elusive tones.

See ehomerecordingstudio.com for details on these as well as on the others described above. Ehomerecordingstudio has done a great job of fleshing out what engineers do with their array of mics.